Who Needs to Do Mammography?
Breast cancer is a disease that is often unnoticed. This makes many breast cancer patients just found out that he had the disease after entering an advanced stage. When in fact this severity can be prevented by mammography procedures. So, what is a mammography examination and who needs to go through it? Following the review.
The importance of undergoing a mammography examination
About 60 to 70 percent of patients come to me in a state of cancer that has entered an advanced stage. In fact, this can be prevented if the patient makes early detection one of them by mammography.
Mammography is a radiological examination aimed at seeing the presence or absence of abnormalities that lead to cancer in the breast area. This procedure uses X-ray photographs and is recommended for patients over the age of 35 or 40 years.
Mammography is important because it is sensitive enough to detect early signs of breast cancer. In addition, mammography also includes a simple examination at a relatively cheap price. Currently, mammography examinations are also available in many hospitals.
Although checking for breast lumps can be done at home by breast self-examination (BSE), this is not enough. This is because the BSE method is sometimes done with inappropriate techniques. As a result, the lump was not detected.
Therefore, mammography is one solution. However, please also note that mammography is not 100% effective.
That’s why doctors will usually combine mammography with other examinations such as ultrasound or breast MRI. This combination of examinations is carried out if the results of mammography lead to breast cancer.
The group of people who need to undergo mammography
Every woman over the age of 40 is advised to do mammography. This is because the risk of breast cancer increases with age.
So why do you have to mammography? This is because in old age, the breast is full of fat tissue, not the mammary glands as when young. Mammography is able to detect the presence of cancer cells in fat tissue that fills the breast.
Mammography is only intended for women aged 40 years and over because radiation exposure from X-Ray from a young age actually increases the risk of cancer.
Mammography is also highly recommended if you have a family history of breast or ovarian cancer. The reason is, your risk for developing the same disease also increases.
For those of you who are over 40 years, you should do mammography every 1 or 2 years. You can go to the nearest hospital that provides mammography examinations, including the MRCCC Siloam Hospitals Semanggi.
But, not everyone is recommended mammography
Although mammography is needed as a screening for breast cancer, pregnant and or breastfeeding women are not recommended to do this one examination. Mammography is a procedure with X-Ray technology that can emit radiation.
Radiation on mammography can interfere with fetal development. If mammography is needed this procedure can be done by covering the stomach area with lead.
However, ethically it is not allowed because it has the potential to interfere with fetal health, especially if the procedure is done in the first trimester of pregnancy.
After all, even if it turns out the mother has cancer cells in her breasts, there is no treatment procedure that can be done before the baby is born. For this reason, mammography is not recommended for pregnant women.
In addition, mammography is also recommended for those aged 40 years and over. That is, most women become pregnant at the age of younger than 40 years. This makes breast ultrasound more recommended than mammography.
In addition to pregnant women, nursing mothers are also not recommended to do mammography. In nursing mothers, mammography procedures will be very painful. The reason is, breastfeeding mothers breast filled with breast milk. Pressing the breast with a mammography tool will only make breasts that are already painful feel more painful and torture.